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Peruvian Dreams I: From migrants to entrepreneur images in the Peruvian documentary.

Abstract in spanish

Migrants, mainly of Andean descent, have constituted a reiterative subject in the Peruvian documentary. Likewise, they have also been a central focus in a discussion about the formation of a diverse, integrated and democratic Peru that was presented and debated by several social science researchers in the mid 1980’s, but also as subjects having a predisposition to immerse themselves in a market oriented economy. What happens with the images of the once marginal migrant when it gets incorporated as the figure of the emergent entrepreneur? The search for a Peruvian identity is getting transformed and reconstituted within a neoliberal model that is increasingly becoming a cultural order. This essay explores how some Peruvian documentaries have undertaken these transformations on the recent history and social imaginary of the last decades in Peru. Are the documentaries as media performances mobilizing absent imaginaries, evocating reiterative Peruvian dreams or forging longing aspirations for a Peruvian identity?

Keywords: Documentary,Migration,Neoliberalism,Performance.
Author: Alonso Quinteros Meléndez. Profesor en la Maestría en Antropología Visual, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Lima. Actualmente investiga el Cine Ayacuchano en relación con la antropología de los medios y la teoría de la performance, así como la historia del documental Peruano y sus contextos sociales.
Received: March 13th, 2014, Accepted: December 02th, 2014
Revista Chilena de Antropología Visual - número 24 - Santiago, diciembre 2014 - 1/20 pp. - ISSN 0718-876x. Rev. chil. antropol. vis.