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The camera in the fieldwork: methodological and ethical uses of the audiovisual recording in the world of the andean mapuche.

Abstract in spanish

In the present visual ethnography it is explored how, nowadays, the audiovisual recording could provide possibilities to the anthropological practice. In order to do so, in this study it is addressed retrospectively; an investigative experience developed within the study framework of the mapuche funereal rite. Specifically, the focus is on two areas in which it was beneficial the use of audiovisual recording: in one hand, within the methodological realm; as a validation tool of information and as a technique of recollection of it and, in the other hand, within the realm of ethics; as a reciprocity implement – as a “vuelta de mano” (a return of the favor) - for the inhabitants of the territories where it was carried out the inquiry.

Keywords: anthropological practice,audiovisual,ethics,methodology,mapuche funereal rite.
Author: Pablo Rojas Bahamonde. Antropólogo y Licenciado en Antropología, Universidad Austral de Chile. Responsable proyecto Fondart Regional 89426 “El descanso, un rito fúnebre mapuche”.
Author: María Amalia Mellado. Antropóloga y Licenciada en Antropología, Universidad Austral de Chile; Magister © Desarrollo a Escala Humana y Economía Ecológica, Universidad Austral de Chile. Investigadora Núcleo de Investigación Acción Participante del Centro Transdisciplinario de Estudios Ambientales y Desarrollo Humano Sostenible de la Universidad Austral de Chile.
Author: Camila Morales García. Licenciada en Arte y Cultura Visual, Universidad de Artes y Ciencias Sociales. Docente Colegio Artístico Sol del Illimani.
Received: August 30th, 2015, Accepted: December 30th, 2015
Revista Chilena de Antropología Visual - número 26 - Santiago, diciembre 2015 - 138/156 pp.- ISSN 0718-876x. Rev. chil. antropol. vis.